LAND OF MORNING CALM
LAND FORCES | UNITED STATES, COMMONWEALTH & UNITED NATIONS
1st CAVALRY DIVISION
The third division to sail from Japan in the summer of 1950, the 'First Team' made the first amphibious landing of the war at Pohang-dong and was the first unit to approach the North Korean capital of Pyongyang. The Chinese intervention forced them back from Unsan over the 38th Parallel which the 1st Cavalry crossed again on the offensive in 1951 where the settled until relieved at the end of the year.
2d INFANTRY DIVISION
Holding their motto coined during World War I, the 2d Division came second to none during the Korean War. The first to deploy directly from the United States, the division fought in Korea from August 1950 through the armistice and after a brief return to the States, continues to defend the DMZ today. Baptized at the Naktong, tested at the Ch'ongch'on River and during the May Massacre, the Indianhead held strong through countless other engagements during combat in Korea.
3d INFANTRY DIVISION
Pulling units headquartered throughout the United States and the 65th Infantry from Puerto Rico, the 3d Divisions rapid response to Korea earned it the title of Fire Brigade. Fully assembling in Japan before landing in Wonsan to defend the X Corps evacuation from the east coast, the 3d Division remained in the war for the duration. From patrols and skirmishes along the Imjin to settling in the Kumsong area, the Division continued a legacy it began in the First World War.
7th INFANTRY DIVISION
Code named Bayonet for its movement to Korea in September 1950, the 7th Division had been rebuilt with replacements from the United States and the remaining third from conscripted South Koreans. The Division was quickly forged into a powerful fighting force that remained in Korea for the entirety of the war, from the Inchon landing through the devastating Chosin Reservoir campaign and into the wire laced trenches as stalemate ensued.
24th INFANTRY DIVISION
Immediately after the outbreak of war, the 24th Division was called on in Japan to be the first to fight against the North Korean invasion in the first week of July 1950. Unprepared for the intensity brought forth by the enemy, the Division was repeatedly battered only to push back again and again. In the first year of fighting, the 24th Division soldiers put more miles on their boots than any other unit fighting up and down the Korean peninsula from their first contact near Osan to Taejon, Pusan, up towards the northern border and back again.